Specialism – Directing

Introduction

When it comes to jobs I like within films, I have a select few that I wouldn’t mind looking into. These jobs are directing, cinematography and production design. However, for this task I think I am going to look mainly into Directing.

Why Directing

I have chosen directing because I like doing to planning for the film: for example laying out the shots and so on. I find this the most interesting, and my camera work, sound and editing always lets my films down. I especially like directing dramas and fictional pieces.

Importance in the Industry

Directing in the film industry is important because films always need a director. It’s hard to find a small budget directing job, because most people do the directing and writing themselves, which I’m doing for this project. But without directing, films lose that creative stamp that is with every film. For example Wes Anderson and his centring and colours. Or Hitchcock with his framing and close shots.

What Does a Director Do?

“Generally, a film director controls a film’s artistic and dramatic aspects, and visualizes the script while guiding the technical crew and actors in the fulfillment of that vision. The director has a key role in choosing the cast members, production design, and the creative aspects of filmmaking.”

-https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Film_director

This quote explains broadly what a director has to do, but broken down they have to:

  • Translate a script into images and sound, also being responsible for adding the artistic look and visuals of the film.
  • During pre production they have to make important decisions on locations, casting crew and cast, and planning  for rehearsals and meetings to help the crew and cast understand the concepts and each others roles.
  • They also have to create storyboards, shot lists and other pre production to help create the shots.
  • They have to also schedule and plan the production of the film.
  • Also, they must work closely with all major technical and creative teams. For example, camera and sound crews, but also costume and makeup.
  • During the production, they have to keep making sure everything and everyone is on time, while constantly making sure there ideas are coming across on the screen.
  • In post production, they work closely with the editor to reach the final cut of the film.
  • Throughout pre, post and production, they have to motivate and organise the team working on the film.

Context

The role of the director began when the first film was made in 1880s. The first known directer with similar roles as today was William Friese Greene, who directed a film in 1888. As time went on and more films were made, the role of the director became more important. It advanced a lot in 1906 as this was the first ever full feature film, which was 90 minuets made in Australia. It also increased as the budget and quality of films got better. This is because they needed to be able to manage and organise bigger and better crews and films. It got harder to be a director over time too because the industry was constantly advancing. With the invention of sound in film and then colour, it got harder and harder to direct in the advancing industry. This is as directors who had only just started, had to change there way of thinking to a completely different type of film. EG, silent cinema to sound. To this day, it is still advancing and the role of the director is still getting more difficult. Directing bigger films, holding more responsibility for the success of the film, and bigger budgets.

Characteristics

(A characteristic is the different aspects that make up the specialism)

To be a good director, they need to have certain characteristics to help them be good at the job. For example they need to be organised as on set they need to know everything thats going to happen and when.They also need to be able to project there ideas well. This is important because everyone needs to understand what needs to be done in the eyes of the director. This links to being a strong leader who people will listen to and respect. They also have to be confident in themselves and ideas. Having self belief is important as if you don’t people might not believe in you. Being confident will help inspire there crew and team, and motivate them into doing a good job. Furthermore, being passionate is very important. Loving film and finding it interesting is extremely important for a director. This will add up to make them confident, organised, a strong leader, and have self belief.

 

Examples of Directing

Famous Directors:

One of my favourite directors is Wes Anderson. Like I said earlier, Wes Anderson has a very particular stamp on his work which makes it very unusual and different. With each film, he creates a look for each one. For example in the film Moonrise Kingdom, he mainly uses Autumn colours, with centered shots which rotate. Most of the shots are from very childlike perspectives, and he concentrates on the children.

 

 

Up and Coming Directors:

An example of an up and coming director is Steven McCarthy. His work is completely the opposite to Wes Anderson, but he definitely has his own style. He uses dark shots, manly focusing on close shots.  His channel on Vimeo is https://vimeo.com/candlesareforburning. His most popular film is O Negative, which won a lot of short film awards.

 

Below is another example of directing that I think is really powerful and used well. It annoyingly doesn’t name the director. But I think the use of colours and visuals they use to build up a story is really effective. They do this by changing the shot style when it goes to flash backs or anxiety flashes. The director of the film will of chosen to do that to make it more immersive and show how the protagonist is feeling.

 

The director of this, Jason Bock, made this film. I think this a very successful film as they build up a story using visuals that would normally be seen as random.

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